A Helpful Guide To Educational Acronyms


    A nationally-recognized, standardized assessment taken by students as a precursor to college/university admission. Formerly an acronym for American College Testing.

    AP – Advanced Placement
    AP courses provide high school students a college-level academic experience. The College Board partners with colleges and universities to develop an appropriately challenging curriculum, to create college-level assessments, and to train teachers to deliver instruction that meets college-level standards.

    AR – Accelerated Reader
    The Accelerated Reader program is designed to increase independent reading of participants. The program provides computer comprehension tests for a variety of reading material at many different levels.

    AVID – Advancement Via Individual Determination
    A college readiness system for elementary through higher education designed to increase school-wide learning and performance.

    BOE – Board of Education
    A body of elected officials responsible for education policy and accountability.

    CCRPI – College and Career Ready Performance Index
    The new Georgia Department of Education accountability system that replaces the federal Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) measure. CCRPI goes beyond a single set of test results, rating schools for student achievement, academic progress over time and for closing the achievement gap for specific student groups.

    CDL – Commercial Driver's License

    CST – Curriculum Support Teacher
    This staff member assists and supports all staff in the implementation of the curriculum. The CST also strives to ensure proper student placement. The CST serves as an active member of the Student Support Team, administrative team and leadership team.

    CTAE – Career, Technology and Agricultural Education
    CTAE offers middle and high school students opportunities to explore career pathways.

    DOE – Department of Education.

    EIP – Early Intervention Program
    Children start school at a designated chronological age, but differ greatly in their individual development and experience base. The Early Intervention Program (EIP) is designed to serve K-5 students who are at risk of not reaching or maintaining academic grade level. The purpose of EIP is to help students reach grade level performance in the shortest possible time. The Early Intervention Program is staffed by certified teachers with experience and expertise in teaching students with diverse needs and abilities. Eligibility determination is made by identifying the students functioning below the normal expectations for the respective grade using criteria provided by the Georgia Department of Education and the Fulton County School System.

    ELL English Language Learners
    Students that are not native English speakers. They are supported by our ESOL program until full immersion in the general education setting is appropriate.

    ESOL – English to Speakers of Other Languages
    The Quality Basic Education Act provides for the creation of programs designed to help limited English proficient students. These programs develop proficiency in the English language skills of listening, speaking, writing, and reading so that students can experience success in their classrooms and in social contexts both inside and outside of the school. Students from other cultures become acclimated to American culture through language-based instruction. All instruction in the ESOL program is given in English to facilitate the acquisition of English language skills for successful academic and social pursuits. The ESOL Program for grades K-8 follows a pull-out model with services provided on a daily schedule. The number of segments of service is determined by the identified need and in accordance with State Rule 160-4-5-.02, which also specified the number of students per given segment.

    FCS – Fulton County Schools

    FERPA – Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act  
    The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education. For more information you may go to: www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guide/fpco/ferpa/index.html.

    FTE – Full Time Equivalent
    The FTE process is used in the reporting of all students and their specific areas of service to the state department for funding of our public schools. Funding is generated based upon three “student counts” per year that identify all of the service that we offer to our students including general education programs, special education and support programs.

    GADOE – Georgia Department of Education

    GADOT – Georgia Department of Transportation

    GHSGT – Georgia High School Graduation Test

    GHSWT – Georgia High School Writing Assessment

    GKIDS – Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills
    Georgia’s Quality Basic Education Act requires that children enrolled in Georgia public school kindergarten programs be assessed for first grade readiness with an instrument or instruments adopted by the Georgia Board of Education.

    Kindergarten students are defined as those who are reported to the state as “kindergartners” on official attendance forms. This includes those children who have been retained or are enrolled in a transitional or readiness program. The readiness assessment shall include data obtained from multiple sources including, but not limited to the GKIDS, which is the instrument adopted by the State Board of Education. Readiness information obtained by the instrument shall be used by the local school system, along with teacher recommendations and other relevant information, to make appropriate individual student grade placement decisions.

    GPS – Georgia Performance Standards
    The Georgia Performance Standards are meant to raise the level of expectation for ALL students in Georgia. The change in curriculum goals and expectations will change the ways teachers approach their content. With this change, it is important to understand the professional responsibility of the classroom teacher to differentiate instruction in order to meet the unique needs of their students. 

    GWA – Georgia Writing Assessment
    The Georgia Quality Basic Education Act requires students in grades three and five to participate in writing assessments.

    • Grade 3

    In the third grade, students write frequently in four areas identified in the GPS (personal experience, imaginative story, responding to literature, responding to QCC content). Using multiple samples of each student’s writing, teachers assess the writing stage representative of each student’s work. The Developmental Stage/Scoring Guidelines are used in making the final assessment.

    • Grade 5

    In the fifth grade, students will be given either an informational, persuasive, or narrative writing topic. Because topics will be spiraled, students may receive any one of the three writing topics, thus requiring them to be prepared to write in informational, narrative, and persuasive genres. Administration dates are determined by Georgia State Department of Education.

    IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) helps to ensure equity, accountability and excellence in education for children with disabilities.

    IEP – Individual Education Plan
    This is a plan that is written by the IEP team (teachers, parent(s), special education staff members, and the instructional support teacher) to address the needs of the student based upon his/her identified disability. Goals, objectives and timelines are set throughout the year and accommodations are implemented by both the special education teacher(s) and the general education teacher(s). An annual review is held to evaluate the effectiveness of these accommodations and to review and establish further objectives.

    IRR – Inter-related Resource
    This is an educational setting that meets that needs of children that have an active Individual Education Plan (IEP). We seek to serve all students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment; however, many students often need the support of teachers that are highly trained in unique educational techniques that address a student’s disability. This is one level of support service that our school offers.

    IST – Instructional Support Teacher
    This staff member is our liaison between the general education and special education teachers. The IST is an integral part of our Student Support Team and assists teachers with the overall management of student IEPs.

    ITBS – Iowa Test of Basic Skills
    The Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) measures the skills and achievement of students from Kindergarten through grade 8. Developed at The University of Iowa and backed by a tradition of more than 70 years of educational research and test development experience, the ITBS provides an in-depth assessment of students’ achievement of important educational objectives. Tests in reading, language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, and information sources yield reliable and comprehensive information both about the development of students’ skills and about their ability to think critically. For more information you may go to the Riverside Publishing website at: www.riverpub.com/products/group/itbs_a/home.html.

    LEP – Limited English Proficient
    This is one term that is utilized in reference to children that demonstrate limited English proficiency and are serviced by our ESOL program.

    LEP-M – Limited English Proficient - Monitored
    This is one term that is utilized in reference to children that demonstrate limited English proficiency and are no longer serviced by our ESOL program, but yet are still being monitored for success.

    OT – Occupational Therapy
    This service is offered under Services for Exceptional Children to those children that have active Individual Education Plans that demonstrate a need for occupational therapy to support their needs.

    PT – Physical Therapy
    This service is offered under Services for Exceptional Children to those children that have active Individual Education Plans that demonstrate a need for physical therapy to support their needs.

    PTA – Parent Teacher Association

    SAC – Superintendent’s Advisory Council
    Comprised of parents, teachers, principals, students and other community representatives, these advisory groups meet with the superintendent to discuss and advise on issues pertaining to the Fulton County School System.

    SASI – School Administrative Student Information
    This data system is used to monitor all areas of student information including, but not limited to, attendance, discipline, student placements, scheduling, state reporting information and testing information.

    SEC – Services for Exceptional Children
    This is the overriding program under which students with identified disabilities are serviced. Many services are available, such as: interrelated resource classes, speech for language processing and/or articulation, occupational therapy, physical therapy, etc.

    SST – Student Support Team
    A Student Support Team (SST) is a group of three or more professionals whose responsibility is to assist the classroom teachers in a collaborative, data-based, problem solving process designed to identify a student’s instructional needs; effective and appropriate strategies for the general education classroom; and, continuous monitoring procedures. The SST supports students who continue to experience academic, social, or emotional difficulties in their current educational setting after informal strategies have been implemented by the classroom teacher.

    TAG – Talented and Gifted
    A comprehensive program of services to intellectually gifted students. Students eligible for the gifted program will receive services through appropriate delivery models implemented consistently throughout the school system.